Quiz Question

I pulled this one from the Internet. No fair searching for the solution.

Where does the hole in second triangle come from (the partitions are the same)? Post your answer in the comments section below.

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Quiz Question

The picture says it all. What fraction of each shape is shaded? This one is on the Internet, so no fair hunting it down. Post your answer as a comment below.

Update and Solutions

I’m going to settle this week’s Quiz Question today so I can start looking for one for next week. Here are my solutions, from left to right.

This is the only one that requires some math, despite what top diagram promises. I have drawn an arrow across the width of the blue hexagon to show that it is the same width as the length of a side of the outer hexagon. It’s left to the reader to  determine that the blue hexagon is 1/3 the area of the outer hexagon.

This one is easiest of them all. Slide the blue hexagon down and to the left, where I have drawn in a red hexagon of the same size. This shows that the sides of the blue hexagon are ½ the sides of the outer hexagon, so the area of the blue hexagon is ¼ the area of the outer hexagon.

A little imagination solves the last problem. I have numbered the squares 1, 2, and 3. Now rotate square number 2 45°, and you see that square 2 is ½ the area of square 1, and square 3 is ½ the area of square 2 and therefore ¼ the area of square 1.

Quiz Question

This is from an Internet puzzle site, so don’t go searching for it on the Web. They posted it as an interactive game. You’re supposed to drag and drop the remaining numbers into the blank spaces inside the rings. Make the total inside each ring the same.

Post your answer as a comment below. You don’t have to show a picture. Just list the added numbers from left to right.

Quiz Question

Here’s another one I got off the Internet. Which goes to show I don’t make these up. Don’t go searching the Internet for the solution.

A number of regular pentagons and squares are arranged around the outside of a large blue regular polygon. Just the lower part of the arrangement is shown below.

How many sides does the large blue regular polygon have?

Post your answer as a comment below.

Update and solution

Use the fact that the exterior angles of a polynomial sum to 360°. That means the exterior angles of a regular pentagon are 360/5 = 72°. That means (see the top diagram) the exterior angles of the blue polygon are 90 – 72 = 18°. The exterior angles of blue polygon must total 360, so the blue polygon must have 20 sides.

Quiz Question

Each color in the above diagram represents a separate piece of a puzzle. Rearrange the pieces to form the figure below.

The images are to scale, so you can print the top one and cut the pieces apart to work the puzzle. Scan your solution and post the image as your solution. Use the comments section below.

Update and solution

Two people have proposed solutions. I printed the puzzle out and cut out the pieces. I was unable to solve it sitting at the breakfast table, I was when I went to the puzzle’s Web site and used their interactive controls to manipulate the pieces. Here is what I came up with.

Here is Helen’s solution.

Mike proposed a solution. See the comment below.

Quiz Question

This one is on the Internet, so no fair going to Google.

Three people are gathered in a room, and the puzzle master sticks a number on the forehead of each. Each can see the numbers on the foreheads of the other two, but nobody can see what’s on his own forehead. Here are the conditions of the three numbers, A, B, And C.

  • A + B = C
  • A > 0
  • B > 0
  • C > 0
  • All the numbers are different.

All there contestants are have perfect logic, and all know this fact and also the conditions stated above..

The puzzle master turns to person number 1 and says, “Look at the other two, and tell me what number is on your forehead.” Person 1 looks at the other two, and he sees 20 on one and 30 on the other. He says he is unable.

Same for person 2. He is unable.

Same for person 3. He is unable.

The puzzle master returns to  person 1. He announces what number he has on his forehead. What is that number? Post your answer in the comments section below.

Quiz Question

Here we see a prism, for the sake of this problem let’s call it a cereal box lying flat on a table. The height of the box (lying flat) is 12 cm. The other two dimensions are 25 and 36 cm. An ant at A wants to take the shortest path to B. The ant is not allowed to crawl along the bottom of the box. How long  is the shortest path?

Post your answer in the comments section  below.

Quiz Question

Number 150 of a continuing series

This is one I got off the Internet. I left the copyright information in the image, but readers are cautioned against using that to hunt down the solution. Work this one out for yourself and post your answer in the comments section.

There are nine combinations of colored cubes pictured above. When rotated properly, two of the nine are the same. Which two are the same?

Quiz Question

Number 149 of a continuing series

Here’s one from a site on the Internet, and I’m not going to tell you what site. You need to solve this one without help.

Use the numerals 1, 9, 9 and 6 exactly in that order to make the following numbers: 28, 32, 35, 38, 72, 73, 76, 77, 100 and 1000.
You can use the mathematical symbols +, -, ×, /, √, ^ (exponent symbol) and brackets.
Example: 1×9+9×6 = 63

Post your answer in the comments section.

Quiz Question

Number 148 of a continuing series

This is an essay question.

Years ago I worked with Harold. Harold is a Jew, and he explained kosher living to the rest of us. One rule went something like this. It’s been 40 years, so I may have the details wrong, but if you serve meat in  a pot, then the pot must be cleansed before it can be used for dairy. Harold explained the three required methods for cleansing the pot:

  • Heat it in fire until it is red hot.
  • Bury in in the ground for three years.
  • Run it through the dishwasher three times.

Then Harold was not my ideal picture of a Jew. He sometimes brought a ham sandwich for lunch.

The movie Erin Brockovich stars Julia Roberts as the real-life Erin Brockovich, based on the lawsuit against Pacific Gas and Electric Company. That concern had allowed hexavalent chromium to contaminate ground water near one of its plants, and in an iconic scene from the movie Erin Brockovich challenges representatives from the company to drink some of the water. The truth is that hexavalent chromium is only detrimental when inhaled, but these people declined to  drink. The thought was too repugnant. PG&E lost the suit to the tune of millions of dollars.

So this week’s question asks what would it take for you to feel safe? How rational, how pragmatic are you, a citizen of the 21st century? Answer each of the following. Some may require an explanation of sorts.

  1. Chamber pots were used before there were indoor toilets. You know what they were used for. Explain what you would require before you ate from a previously used chamber pot.
  2. If you saw the cook spit in the soup while it was cooking, would you eat the soup? Assume the cook was not chewing tobacco.
  3. Cyanide compounds such as sodium cyanide and potassium cyanide are extremely poisonous, and they are quick acting. Heinrich Himmler chomped down on a concealed cyanide capsule when he was captured. Likewise Hermann Goering took cyanide just before he was scheduled to swing. If a water glass contains potassium cyanide solution, and you want to drink water from it. what would it take to satisfy you the glass was safe to drink from?
  4. While I was stationed at Naval Air Station Dallas, an instructor reminded us that the man who operated the NAS Dallas sewage plant would gladly dip a glass of water from the plant’s discharge and drink it. Would you?
  5. Suppose some water has become contaminated with radioactive potassium. Next suppose a chemist applied a process to remove all  potassium from the water, and an analysis of the water determined the water contained no potassium. Would you drink the water?
  6. The consumption of sugar is known to produce the following health risks: tooth decay, obesity, diabetes. No study has ever demonstrated harmful effects from consuming (normal) amounts of aspartame. Would you use only sugar instead of aspartame as a sweetener?

Post your answers in the comments section below.

Quiz Question

There are a number of places you know well, but what you may not know is their history. These places have historical names that might surprise you. First of all, everybody knows the original name for a downtown Washington, D.C., neighborhood was Foggy Bottom. What’s the history behind these other famous names? Hint, they are not dripping in glory..
  • Chicago
  • Berlin
  • Dublin
You can look them up.

Quiz Question

Number 145 of a continuing series

I may never run out of these, and I’m piling airline miles in the process. Here is another Mensa puzzle from American Way magazine. The word for today is NEOTROPICAL.

Rearrange the letters in NEOTROPICAL to form another English word. Mensa believes there is only one such word. It took me less than two minutes to find the word, using the method I described in a previous Quiz Question post. Don’t use an anagram finder to solve this one. Submit your answer as a comment below.

Quiz Question

Number 144 of a continuing series

Here is another Mensa puzzle. I ripped it right out of my copy of American Way magazine on my way to some place I had never been. The caption in the magazine says, “Supply the missing number.” I’m going to be more explicit.

The implication is that each letter A – D stands for a different number (integer). Figure out which integer each letter stands for and supply the number that goes in place of the question mark. The solution is in  the magazine, and you can still track it down. Don’t do that. Supply your answer in the comment section below.

Quiz Question

Number 143 of a continuing series

I’ve been riding on airplanes again, and I lifted this problem from the American Way magazine, courtesy of Mensa.

This isn’t a geometry puzzle. It’s a problem in mathematical logic. There is a simple logic used for the first three triangles to determine the number on the inside by applying the logic to the numbers at the vertices. Use that same logic for the fourth triangle to determine the missing number inside the triangle.

Update and solution

Yes, this really was a hard one. What you had to do was to figure out the logic that was consistent with the first three triangles. And not just any logic, but the simplest logic. And that simple logic is:

  1. Ignore the number at the top and left vertices of the triangle.
  2. Multiply the number at the right vertex by 6 to get the number in the middle.

The answer is, of course, 48.

Quiz Question

Number 142 of a continuing series

Here is another one courtesy of the Internet. See the diagram. The rectangles are identical (congruent). The perimeter of each rectangle is 222. What is the perimeter of the assembly shown above? Post your answer as a comment below.

Update and solution

This one turned out to be so easy, I’m posting the solution today. Also, I have some spare time right now waiting for Barbara Jean, and I need something to do. Here’s a helpful diagram.

It is obvious you can transform the puzzle into the form shown at the top of the above three—without altering the perimeter. Similarly for the second of the above three. Now add the piece as I have done above, and the perimeter of the resulting figure is still the same.

Each rectangle in the puzzle is h×w, height and width. The perimeter is 6h + 6w or 3 times the perimeter of a single rectangle. The answer is 666.

Quiz Question

Number 141 of a continuing series

Here is one I found on the Internet. Not much explanation was given, but I am going to assume: the numbers are the areas of the small triangles. What is the area of the remaining triangle? Post your answer as a comment below.

Update and solution

This was an easy one. To make it convenient to visualize, I have redrawn the figure above, not exactly to scale, but you should get the idea.

First I rotated the figure so the obvious line is horizontal. Now we see the problem as it is. Triangles 1 and 2 have the same altitude, h. Triangles 3 and ? have the same altitude H. Since triangle has an area of 2, its base must be twice the base of triangle 1. That means the base of triangle ? is twice the base of triangle 3. Since triangles 3 and ? have the same altitude, the area of triangle ? must be twice the area of triangle 3.